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人、鏈、物,企業智能化應注重價值排序

發布時間:2022-06-20

多軸機器臂(bei)密布、AGV(無(wu)人(ren)搬運車)到處(chu)跑(pao)、人(ren)員稀(xi)少(黑燈工廠)……今天,我們要是(shi)組織去智能企業參觀,一定會選擇這樣的(de)場景(jing)。這當(dang)然沒錯,置身此景(jing),會由衷(zhong)感嘆智能化的(de)力(li)量。但筆者想說的(de)是(shi),這可不(bu)是(shi)制造企業智能化的(de)全部,甚至可以說,這不(bu)是(shi)智能化的(de)排頭(tou)部分(fen)。


做企(qi)業(ye),實(shi)現(xian)利潤(run)增長是最(zui)質樸(pu)的(de)歸(gui)宗。那么,智能(neng)化(hua)若按這(zhe)樣最(zui)質樸(pu)的(de)價值歸(gui)宗,首先(xian)要關心的(de)部(bu)分在哪里呢?它可以有(you)個排(pai)序嗎?有(you)的(de)。筆者以為,人一、鏈二(er)、物三,這(zhe)就(jiu)是基本的(de)智能(neng)化(hua)價值排(pai)序。



“人(ren)(ren)(ren)一(yi)”指的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),智(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)第一(yi)位是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)要去服(fu)務(wu)(wu)(wu)人(ren)(ren)(ren)。為什(shen)么(me)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)“人(ren)(ren)(ren)一(yi)”?就如(ru)同打仗(zhang),首先(xian)關心的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)人(ren)(ren)(ren)心人(ren)(ren)(ren)愿人(ren)(ren)(ren)欲。做(zuo)企業(ye)(ye)同樣首先(xian)要去研(yan)究人(ren)(ren)(ren)。企業(ye)(ye)歸根結底(di)是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)要通過用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶買賬(zhang)(zhang),自(zi)己才(cai)能(neng)利潤到賬(zhang)(zhang)。而做(zuo)智(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)(hua),就是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)使得這樣一(yi)種(zhong)“買賬(zhang)(zhang)”與“到賬(zhang)(zhang)”更加高(gao)效、更加放大(da),不是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)么(me)?所(suo)以(yi),智(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)(hua)首先(xian)要用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)在(zai)計(ji)算(suan)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶上(shang)(shang)。現在(zai)有些企業(ye)(ye)在(zai)這方面下了很大(da)功夫,迅速(su)取得成(cheng)效。比(bi)(bi)如(ru),安徽司(si)爾特(te)公司(si)搞出個“五庫(ku)聯動”(即實現用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶需求數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)、土(tu)壤數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)、莊(zhuang)稼(jia)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)、天(tian)氣(qi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)、化(hua)(hua)肥(fei)配(pei)比(bi)(bi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)五大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)的(de)(de)(de)聯動用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶服(fu)務(wu)(wu)(wu)),就是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)智(zhi)能(neng)化(hua)(hua)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)(wu)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)個典型案例(li)。具體(ti)說,就是(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)根據(ju)(ju)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶當(dang)地土(tu)壤數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)情(qing)況(kuang)(kuang)和未來一(yi)年(nian)的(de)(de)(de)天(tian)氣(qi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)情(qing)況(kuang)(kuang),幫助(zhu)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶參謀種(zhong)什(shen)么(me)莊(zhuang)稼(jia)。用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶一(yi)旦確定后,根據(ju)(ju)莊(zhuang)稼(jia)種(zhong)類、當(dang)地土(tu)壤、未來天(tian)氣(qi),計(ji)算(suan)出最佳復合肥(fei)的(de)(de)(de)配(pei)比(bi)(bi),精(jing)準供給。用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)戶感到很貼心,企業(ye)(ye)也拿到更多(duo)的(de)(de)(de)訂單,公司(si)年(nian)年(nian)上(shang)(shang)大(da)臺階(jie),成(cheng)為優質的(de)(de)(de)上(shang)(shang)市(shi)公司(si)。


“鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)二”指的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)是(shi),智(zhi)能化(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)次重點(dian)應(ying)(ying)(ying)當放在(zai)強鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)補鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)上。為什(shen)么(me)是(shi)“鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)二”?兵馬未動糧草先(xian)行。做企(qi)(qi)業(ye)關鍵要讓各個(ge)環節順暢,供(gong)應(ying)(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)、產業(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)一定要盡(jin)在(zai)掌握。智(zhi)能化(hua)用于供(gong)應(ying)(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)、產業(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)強鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)補鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)極(ji)其重要。怎樣做到(dao)?建云(yun)(yun)就(jiu)是(shi)一條捷(jie)徑。把各個(ge)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)條上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)資(zi)源(yuan)想辦法都拉到(dao)云(yun)(yun)上來(lai),許多取得超常(chang)規發展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)都是(shi)在(zai)企(qi)(qi)業(ye)云(yun)(yun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建設(she)上做出(chu)心(xin)得的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)。合肥有一家(jia)做口腔智(zhi)能設(she)備(bei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)后起之秀企(qi)(qi)業(ye),叫(jiao)登(deng)特(te)菲,企(qi)(qi)業(ye)建設(she)之初(chu)就(jiu)同步建設(she)“登(deng)特(te)云(yun)(yun)”,通(tong)過云(yun)(yun)平臺把企(qi)(qi)業(ye)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)供(gong)應(ying)(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)、產業(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)、服務鏈(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)(lian)等資(zi)源(yuan)統(tong)統(tong)聚(ju)集豐富(fu),企(qi)(qi)業(ye)做起來(lai)得心(xin)應(ying)(ying)(ying)手,剛開張不久,就(jiu)已成為獨角獸企(qi)(qi)業(ye)。


“物三(san)”指的(de)是(shi)(shi)(shi),智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)第三(san)位要考慮的(de)才是(shi)(shi)(shi)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)設(she)備(bei)以及智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)產(chan)過(guo)(guo)程。為(wei)(wei)什(shen)么(me)(me)是(shi)(shi)(shi)“物三(san)”?君看(kan)一(yi)(yi)代(dai)代(dai)蓋世(shi)(shi)英雄(xiong)(xiong),武(wu)藝(yi)再(zai)高(gao)強,武(wu)器再(zai)鋒利,也就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)打敗(bai)某個(ge)對(dui)手、某群對(dui)手而已,決(jue)定(ding)不(bu)(bu)(bu)了戰(zhan)役(yi)、戰(zhan)爭(zheng)的(de)走向。但(dan)(dan)街(jie)頭說大鼓(gu)書(shu)的(de),偏(pian)偏(pian)特別(bie)愛渲(xuan)染這些(xie)蓋世(shi)(shi)武(wu)將。但(dan)(dan)是(shi)(shi)(shi),再(zai)渲(xuan)染,蓋世(shi)(shi)武(wu)將也不(bu)(bu)(bu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)戰(zhan)役(yi)戰(zhan)爭(zheng)結(jie)果(guo)的(de)決(jue)定(ding)者(zhe)。如(ru)果(guo)我(wo)們把一(yi)(yi)個(ge)車間(jian)比作是(shi)(shi)(shi)一(yi)(yi)個(ge)武(wu)將,那么(me)(me)設(she)備(bei)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)、生(sheng)產(chan)過(guo)(guo)程智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)就(jiu)好比是(shi)(shi)(shi)武(wu)器和武(wu)藝(yi)的(de)提升,如(ru)果(guo)效率做到(dao)了同業第一(yi)(yi),那就(jiu)是(shi)(shi)(shi)蓋世(shi)(shi)英雄(xiong)(xiong),非常了不(bu)(bu)(bu)起(qi)。但(dan)(dan)是(shi)(shi)(shi),了不(bu)(bu)(bu)起(qi)歸了不(bu)(bu)(bu)起(qi),仍然(ran)成為(wei)(wei)不(bu)(bu)(bu)了工(gong)廠產(chan)品最(zui)(zui)終理想效益的(de)關鍵決(jue)定(ding)者(zhe),萬(wan)一(yi)(yi)賣不(bu)(bu)(bu)掉怎(zen)么(me)(me)辦?萬(wan)一(yi)(yi)做著(zhu)做著(zhu)原材料跟(gen)不(bu)(bu)(bu)上怎(zen)么(me)(me)辦?事實(shi)是(shi)(shi)(shi),有些(xie)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)設(she)備(bei)與生(sheng)產(chan)過(guo)(guo)程的(de)高(gao)超者(zhe),由(you)于不(bu)(bu)(bu)能(neng)(neng)智(zhi)(zhi)能(neng)(neng)化(hua)(hua)地掌握用(yong)戶數據(ju)和供應鏈數據(ju),僅僅成為(wei)(wei)代(dai)工(gong)角色(se),抱著(zhu)微薄的(de)利潤(run)長吁短(duan)嘆“為(wei)(wei)什(shen)么(me)(me)辛勤的(de)制造者(zhe)總(zong)是(shi)(shi)(shi)微笑(xiao)曲線(xian)的(de)最(zui)(zui)底部”。


當然,雖(sui)然智能化(hua)價(jia)(jia)(jia)值有序,但(dan)每一環節都不應缺(que)席,都應到場(這(zhe)種到場可以(yi)聚合于同一家(jia)企業,也可以(yi)數家(jia)企業形成(cheng)聯合體以(yi)協同完成(cheng))。人、鏈、物是制造企業智能化(hua)最佳價(jia)(jia)(jia)值的共同創造者。之所以(yi)在這(zhe)里有意(yi)做個不見得是非常恰當的價(jia)(jia)(jia)值排序,主要是因為,今天的確有很多企業在智能化(hua)的道(dao)路上,有些(xie)本(ben)末不清、以(yi)偏定全(quan),導致智能化(hua)投入的邊(bian)際效應不高(gao),沒能收獲智能化(hua)建設的應有預(yu)期。此(ci)作提醒。


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